11권 2호_ 임명수_한반도 평화체제 구축에 관한 고찰

2007년 11권 2호. 한반도 평화체제 구축에 관한 고찰 _ 임명수


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Two decades have elapsed since the Cold War and the Korean peninsula still has to deal with its aftermath, the truce and the divided nation, which have been the ruling factors of its security policies and practices. North Korea`s nuclear programs, armament reinforcement, and the South-North military tension have all displayed to the actors, the critical influence of the security dilemma on the survivability and sustainment of the regime. After the end of the Cold War, North Korea has been promoting multiple forms of diplomatic policies in order to sustain its regime and survivability. The unique nature of the North Korea`s foreign policy is that it attempts to activate the interaction with the south while maintaining the present governmental state to exclude the absorption to the south, and pursue the conclusion of the Treaty of Peace and the normalization of diplomatic relationship with the US in order to maintain its current regime. Such attempts have been executed through the ``tactics of desperation`` including the ballistic missile development programs and a series of nuclear weapon tests, and in result, North Korea has approached establishing a peace regime at the Six-nations talk, providing that the present state is maintained. However, the North Korean nuclear issue and the discussion on the peace regime on the peninsula are both at falter as a result of the delay of the 1st phase of the “February the 13th Agreement”. Under such circumstance, North Korea is continuing to keep distance from the new south adminstration by increasing the level of tension by criticizing the South`s policies and causing military provocations. On the other hand, it continues the Tong-mi-bong-nam(“Negotiating with the US while keeping out South Korea”) policy in solving the nuclear problem based on the reformation of its relationship with the US. Nevertheless, the discussion on the peace regime on the peninsula is still anticipated to take steady steps in a series of phases, considering it has to be processed upon mutual agreements and long-term issues such as building military trust and normalizing diplomatic relationships with the US and Japan. Thus this specific study will aim to observe the changes in the South-North, and the North-US relationships since the departure of the new adminstration, rather than to come up with a political suggestion towards the establishment of the peace regime on the peninsula. Some of the fundamental concepts such as Peace, Peace Regime, and Korean Peninsula Peace Regime, and several prospective points of dispute in the process will be considered in helping understand the basic factors behind the establishment of the peace regime, and ultimately to catch a glimpse on the desired direction toward the termination of the unstable truce and the settling of a system that would maintain peace on the peninsula.


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140. 2007년11권2호_한반도평화체제구축에관한고찰_임명수
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초록 (국문) 이 연구의 목적은 북한이탈대학생의 대학생활적응력 향상을 지원하는 교육프로그램 개발을 위한 기초 작업으로서 북한이탈대학생의 대학생할적응에 필요한 교육요구를 분석하는 것이다. 이를 달성하기 위하여 북한이탈대학생의 대학생활 지원 실무 경험 또는 북한이탈대학생 관련 연구 경험이 풍부한 전문가 15명으로 구성된 델파이패널을 구성하여 4회차의 조사를 실

초록 (국문) 본 연구는 지속가능개발에 대한 북한의 내부 인식의 변화를 분석하고, 이러한 인식이 어떻게 정책적으로 구현되었는지 검토하기 위하여 수행되었다. 조선중앙통신, 로동신문 등 공간(公刊)문헌을 활용하여 지속가능개발에 대한 내부적 인식과 개념 변화를 분석하였으며, 자발적 국가 보고서(VNR)를 활용하여 농업 분야를 중심으로 정책적 대응을 분석하였다.