검색

4권 1호_윤덕룡_탈북자 적응의 사회경제적 문제: 보호경찰관에 대한 설문결과를 중심으로


Abstract


The analyses about the North Korean defectors living in South Korea have transmitted many informations about their adjusting problem in the new society. However, the researches are based on the defectors` opinion because they are carried out mainly by the survey to the defectors themselves. Even though the results are really informative, they would not reflect the problems fully, because the defectors can manipulate the results for their own interest and they do not understand the society well. This means that the results should be corrected by the survey to the South Koreans. On this reason the survey is conducted to the South Korean policemen, who have cared for the North Korean defectors, because they know the defectors best. The objects of this survey was to find out the adjusting problems of North Korean defectors and the way to overcome them with the view of South Koreans. The 258 answers are gathered and analyzed. Most important findings are like following: First, the policemen regard the socialistic lifestyle and the way of thinking depending on state as problems for adjusting, even though the defectors do not consider it as problems. Second, 85% of the answered pointed the individual problem like lack of job capability as most important problem rather than the social problem like prejudice. The most often pointed problem was the lack of job capability. However, 20% of the answered said the defectors did not want to be employed. This needs a deeper investigation. Third, just 27.9% of the answered would employ the defectors as a worker if they were employer, while 59.7% would not. This implies the long term rate of unemployment will increase and the potential unemployment after the unification will approach at least 59.7% on the proposition that the policemen represented the whole South Koreans. Fourth, the policemen recommended following policy measures in the given order: vocational training and social education-help to find job-increasing the support for settlement-providing house. Especially over the half of the answered raised the necessity of vocational training. The survey showed that there are common sense about the problems and the improving measures, even though there are some gaps acknowledging the real world. The common findings is that the North Korean defectors could not survive independently if they don`t have any vocational training to improve the job capability or the financial support. Even after the vocational training they need help for finding a job. This means an incentive system should be developed for firms giving a chance to the defectors like wage subsidy. It is needed not only for the social justice but also for the proper use of human resources. The principle of ``guarantee of basic standard of living`` and ``encouraging the self-reliance`` should be kept in supporting the settlement as well as income subsidy. Government should develop a institutional frame for cooperation with religious and social groups, so that the supporting system reaches the intended goals.



4권 1호_윤덕룡_탈북자 적응의 사회경제적 문제 보호경찰관에 대한 설문결
Download • 800KB

최근 게시물

전체 보기

24권 2호_손인배, 이영준, 신보경_북한이탈주민 정착지원 실무자의 직업적 자기효능감과 소진 관계에서 회복탄력성의 매개효과

초록 (국문) 본 연구는 북한이탈주민 정착지원 실무자의 직업적 자기효능감이 소진에 미치는 영향을 확인하고, 회복탄력성의 매개효과를 검증하는 데 목적이 있다. 연구대상은 북한이탈주민 정착지원 실무를 담당하는 하나원, 남북하나재단, 북한이탈주민 전문상담사, 사회복지사 등 144명이다. 분석은 SPSS 25.0와 SPSS Process macro 3.5를 사용하

24권 2호_최희_북한이탈여성들의 정체성 협상-사회구조적인 측면을 중심으로

초록 (국문) 이 연구는 남한과 북한에 가족을 두고 있는 북한이탈여성들이 남북관계라는 다양한 이해관계 속에서 겪는 갈등을 조정하기 위한 과정에서 변화하는 정체성을 살펴보고 사회와 상호작용의 본질이 무엇인지를 검토하여 개선방향을 제시하는 데 목적을 두고 있다. 이를 위해 현상학적 사례연구방법을 적용하여 북한이탈여성의 삶의 경험 속에서 협상되는 정체성의 의미를

24권 2호_김미연_개성공업지구 갈등원인의 유형 분석

초록(국문) 본 연구는 개성공단 내에서 발생한 갈등사례의 원인을 유형화하고 유형별 특성을 파악하는 데 목적이 있다. 개성공단은 북한지역에 산업단지 형태로 조성하였고 운영주체가 남한 정부, 북한 당국, 입주기업 3자라는 점에서 갈등원인이 다양하다. 그러므로 개성공단 갈등양상을 깊이 있게 이해하고 갈등을 관리하는 것은 개성공단사업의 원만한 추진을 위해 중요하다

       Contact 

       (+82) 02-2123-4605 (Phone)

       02-338-6729 (Fax)       

       E-mail

       yinks@yonsei.ac.kr

       Address

     3rd Floor, 5-26, Sinchon-ro 4-gil, Mapo-gu, Seoul

사회문화

Newsletter Subscription

Follow YINKS

  • Facebook

© 2020 연세대학교 통일연구원 |  Terms of Use  |   Privacy Policy