2009년 13권 1호. 북한이탈주민의 사회적응 7년 추적 연구 _ 전우택 외
The purpose of this study is to analysis the change patterns of life style and education of North Korean defectors. The questionnaire of this study is for two hundred North Korean defectors who had entered South Korea in 2001. The questions are about residence, education, legal issue, and health. According to this study, the residences of the defectors were still concentrated on the Metropolitan area. Type of residence has become varied so as to increase proportion of their own-houses and long-term leases. Males had got educated for employment purpose, while females had learned using computer the most. Among age groups, the 20s and the 30s had taken regular education the most. As the length of staying in South Korea had increased, the legal cases had decreased; however, the legal issues had become more complicated. The number of the defectors with chronic diseases has gradually declined; thus, overall health status of the defectors had become better. As the length of staying in South Korea had increased, their needs for supports of basic life had decreased, while the demands for consultation about marriage and legal issues. In the conclusion, we point out several ideas based on this study result, which can be utilized in developing policies and supporting programs for North Korean defector adaptation in South Korea.